Meaning of life, depression and anxiety in rural population of a municipality of Cundinamarca-Colombia

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José Antonio Camargo Barrero
Juan Gabriel Castañeda Polanco
Derly Paola Segura Patiño

Abstract

Research on mental health has increased considerably in recent years, however, variables such as the meaning of life, depression or anxiety, are usually studied mainly with urban populations and studies with rural populations are scarce than address these issues. For this reason, the objective of this research was to identify the levels of meaning of life, depression and anxiety in the rural population of a municipality of Cundinamarca-Colombia. For this, a descriptive-quantitative study was carried out, with a sample of 100 people living in rural areas of a municipality of Cundinamarca and four data collection instruments were applied, which were, a sociodemographic data sheet; the Dimensional Scale of meaning of life (EDSV); and the Zung Depression (EZ-D) and Anxiety (EZ-A) Scales. Low scores were perceived in the meaning of life perception (65%), depression mostly ranged in normal ranges (94%) and the entire sample (100%) scored normal for anxiety. It is important to highlight that the scores in depression and anxiety are mostly at normal levels, however, it is not clear why, if this is the case, the scores in the meaning of life are low in a considerable percentage, taking into account that in the literature these variables they are inversely related.

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